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  • When should I use iPreview?
  • Print preview
  • End of print
  • Printer fonts
  • Re-running the report
WINDEV
WindowsLinuxUniversal Windows 10 AppJavaReports and QueriesUser code (UMC)
WEBDEV
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WINDEV Mobile
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Stored procedures
Configures the preview window. You have the ability to print:
  • on the printer directly (syntax 1).
  • in a preview window (syntax 2). The user can preview the print result on the screen, page by page. This window allows you to:in a preview window (syntax 2). The user can preview the print result on the screen, page by page. This window allows you to:
    • scroll the pages (next page and previous page if they exist),
    • start the print,
    • modify the scale of preview,
    • display the first page or the last page,
    • find out the number of the current page, ...
Note about compatibility
In the earlier versions, iPreview also allowed you to choose the print destination. These syntaxes have been kept for backward compatibility but iDestination must now be preferred for this use.
Note: A warning message is displayed by default if the current computer may not have sufficient resources to display all pages in the preview (from 1000 pages). To avoid displaying this message or to configure the number of pages before displaying this message, use iParameterPreview.
WEBDEV - Server code The preview window is not available in this version.
WINDEVReports and QueriesUser code (UMC)
IF iConfigure() = True THEN iPreview(iPage, "List of functions")
Syntax

Printing on the printer directly Hide the details

iPreview([<Destination> [, <Job Name>]])
<Destination>: Optional integer constant
Print destination.
iPrinterDirect print on the printer
WEBDEV - Server code To directly print on a printer connected to the server, a specific configuration is required. See Configuring the server to perform a print for more details.
<Job Name>: Optional character string (with quotes)
Name that will be given to the print. This name will be used to identify the print in the list of jobs processed by the printer.
WINDEVReports and QueriesUser code (UMC)

Printing in a preview window Hide the details

iPreview([<Zoom> [, <Title of Preview Window> [, <Print Buttons> [, <Horizontal Position> [, <Vertical Position> [, <Width> [, <Height>]]]]]]])
<Zoom>: Optional integer constant
Zoom when opening the preview window.
iPage
Versions 15 and later
ipvZoomPage
New in version 15
ipvZoomPage
ipvZoomPage
Preview with zoom out: the page will be entirely displayed in the zoom window.
iDefaultZoom
Versions 15 and later
ipvZoomDefault
New in version 15
ipvZoomDefault
ipvZoomDefault
(default value)
Corresponds to:
  • ipvZoomPage for a first use.
  • the zoom defined by the user in the preview window for the other uses.
i100
Versions 15 and later
ipvZoom100
New in version 15
ipvZoom100
ipvZoom100
Preview with a zoom set to 100%.
i2Pages
Versions 15 and later
ipvZoom2Pages
New in version 15
ipvZoom2Pages
ipvZoom2Pages
Preview displaying 2 pages at a time.
Versions 15 and later
ipvZoomPageWidth
New in version 15
ipvZoomPageWidth
ipvZoomPageWidth
Preview displaying the entire page width.
Value from 10 to 999Preview with the specified zoom.
If this parameter is not specified, the default value corresponds to:
  • ipvZoomPage during the first use of the function.
  • the zoom defined by the user in the preview window for the other uses.
<Title of Preview Window>: Optional character string
Title displayed in the title bar of the window. If this parameter is not specified, the default title will be "Report preview" followed by the report name.
If the user has the ability to generate some files (Word, PDF, ...) from the print preview, the preview title will be automatically proposed as file name. If this parameter is not specified, the name of the file will correspond to the name of the report.
<Print Buttons>: Optional boolean
  • True (by default) to display the buttons allowing the user to start the print,
  • False to avoid displaying the buttons.
<Horizontal Position>: Optional integer
Horizontal position of preview window (in pixels). By default, the horizontal position corresponds to 100 pixels.
<Vertical Position>: Optional integer
Vertical position of preview window (in pixels). By default, the vertical position corresponds to 100 pixels.
<Width>: Optional integer
Dimensions of preview window (in pixels). By default, the dimensions of this window are set to 640 (width) by 480 (height).
<Height>: Optional integer
Dimensions of preview window (in pixels). By default, the dimensions of this window are set to 640 (width) by 480 (height).
Remarks

When should I use iPreview?

iPreview must be the first print function called. It must be called before iPrint, iCreateFont, etc. However, iPreview must be called after iConfigure or iParameter.
Note: iDestination must be called before printing a report (with iPrintReport) to choose the print destination.
WINDEVReports and QueriesUser code (UMC)

Print preview

1. Customizing the preview window
WINDEV allows you to customize the interface of the preview window. You can:
Note: If the print preview allows you to send an email, the email characteristics can be configured via iParameterExport.
2. Zoom values
  • We do not recommend that you give a value less than 33% to the zoom, otherwise the buttons found in the preview window will be flatten and unreadable.
  • In zoom-out mode, depending on the requested font (for example, with some fonts that are smaller than 14), the font used by Windows to display the text is not proportional to the print font. This results in an incorrect display; however, the print will be correct.
3. Canceling the preview
When previewing a report, iPrint and iPrintWord return False if the "Abandon" button was clicked by the end user. To test the abandon of the preview, you must write:
IF iPrint(Text) = False THEN RETURN
WINDEVUser code (UMC)

End of print

iEndPrinting must necessarily be called to end the print except after a call to iPrintReport.
WINDEV iEndPrinting cancels the print preview.
The next prints will be performed on the printer except if iPreview is run again.
WINDEV The configuration window (iConfigure) must not be called between two successive print previews without having called iEndPrinting beforehand.
WINDEVWEBDEV - Server code

Printer fonts

The printer manufacturers install fonts on their printers. These fonts are called "printer" fonts. Unlike the software fonts (such as "TrueType"), these fonts are directly accessible by the printer, they do not have to be loaded.
In the lists of fonts, the printer fonts are identified by a "printer" icon displayed in front of the name of the font.
If you are using printer fonts, these fonts will be interpreted by the printer only.
WINDEV Caution: unexpected display effects may occur when using the printer fonts. During the print preview, the display of the fonts is managed by Windows. As it does not support these specific fonts, Windows uses the nearest display font for the print preview.
Example: The following code prints bar codes on the printer but text on the screen.
iPreview(iPage)
iCreateFont(1, 20, iNormal, "Interleaved 2of5", Black, 0)
iCreateFont(2, 20, iNormal, "UPC/EAN", Black, 0)
iPrint(iFont(1) + "Test of printer font")
iPrint(iFont(2) + "Test of printer font")
iEndPrinting()

Re-running the report

The report displayed in the print preview is automatically re-run in the following cases:
  • when changing printer from the print preview.
  • when printing the report via one of the buttons found in the button bar (print in HTML, in PDF, ...).
The report displayed in the print preview is automatically re-run when the report is printed or exported from the print preview. The processes associated with the report are re-run.
In this case, the data displayed in the report may be modified (to take into account the data modified by the other users for example).
The variables used by the report should be initialized in the initialization code of the report (and not in the code of the button that starts the print preview).
Note: The WLanguage functions used in your report may return a different result when the report is re-run. For example, if WLanguage functions are used in a report based on the current window, the current window will correspond to the preview window when the report is re-run.
Components
WINDEVWEBDEV - Server codeReports and Queries wd230prn.dll
Minimum required version
  • Version 9
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