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  • Overview
  • Passing parameters to a window when it is opened
  • Passing parameters: general case
  • Parameters passed by value
  • Giving a default value to the parameter in the declaration
  • Named parameters
  • Scope of parameters
  • Returning a value when a window is closed
  • Testing a window with parameters
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Stored procedures
Overview
A window can:
  • Receive parameters when it is opened.
  • Return values when it is closed.
This window behaves like a procedure that may (or may not) return values.
This type of window can be useful in the following cases:
  • "calendar" windows (fix a default date when it is opened and return a selected date when it is closed),
  • search windows,
  • login windows returning the password typed, ...
This help page presents:
Passing parameters to a window when it is opened

Passing parameters: general case

To pass parameters to a window when it is opened:
  1. Declare a procedure in the "Global declarations" event of the window. The name of this procedure is the same as the window name. The parameters of this procedure correspond to the parameters that must be passed to the window.
    Caution: The procedure declaration (keyword PROCEDURE) must correspond to the first line of the event "Global declarations".
    For example, the WIN_CALENDAR window is used to manage the date selection in a calendar. This window expects a parameter indicating the date to select.
    // -- Global declarations of WIN_Calendar
     
    PROCEDURE WIN_Calendar (sSelDate)
    //  sSelDate: date to select

    This parameter can be handled from any event of the window (button, local procedures, etc.).
    For example, in the event "Initializing" of WIN_Calendar:
    // -- Initializing WIN_Calendar
     
    // EDT_DateControl is an edit control
    // It contains the value of the sSelDate parameter
    EDT_DateControl = sSelDate
  2. Pass the parameter expected by the window (Open, OpenMobileWindow, OpenChild, OpenSister, MDIOpen). For example, the BTN_Calendar button is used to open the WIN_Calendar window. Today's date is passed as parameter when this window is opened.
    // -- Click code of BTN_Calendar
     
    // Open the WIN_Calendar window
    // Today's date is passed as parameter
    Open(WIN_Calendar, Today())

Parameters passed by value

If the parameters passed to a window are modified in this window, these modifications will be taken into account in this window only. The value of these parameters is not modified in the calling process.
For example:
  1. The MyDate variable is declared in the code of the BTN_Calendar button. This variable contains today's date (for example: MyDate = Today()).
  2. This variable is passed as a parameter to WIN_Calendar. The sSelDate parameter contains the value of the MyDate variable.
  3. The value of the sSelDate parameter is modified in the WIN_Calendar window (for example: sSelDate = "20020701").
  4. The value of the MyDate variable is not modified.

Giving a default value to the parameter in the declaration

A default value can be given to the parameters when declaring the parameters. In this case, the parameter becomes optional. If it is omitted, the default value will be used.
For example, to give a default value in the previous example, enter the following code in the "Global declarations" event of WIN_Calendar:
// -- Global declarations of WIN_Calendar
PROCEDURE WIN_Calendar(sSelDate = "20030101")
//  sSelDate: date to select
Versions 27 and later

Named parameters

You can also pass named parameters to a window when it is opened:
  1. Declare the procedure as usual. Example:
    PROCÉDURE WIN_Travel(Identifier, Availability)
  2. Pass the parameter expected by the window (Open, OpenMobileWindow, OpenChild, OpenSister, MDIOpen) and use the following syntax for each parameter:
    <Name of parameter>: Value

    For example:
    Open(WIN_Travel(<Identifier>:123456, <Availability>:True))
Remark: Using named parameters allows changing the order of the expected parameters. For example, you can write:
Open(WIN_Travel(<Availability>:True, <Identifier>:123456))
New in version 27

Named parameters

You can also pass named parameters to a window when it is opened:
  1. Declare the procedure as usual. Example:
    PROCÉDURE WIN_Travel(Identifier, Availability)
  2. Pass the parameter expected by the window (Open, OpenMobileWindow, OpenChild, OpenSister, MDIOpen) and use the following syntax for each parameter:
    <Name of parameter>: Value

    For example:
    Open(WIN_Travel(<Identifier>:123456, <Availability>:True))
Remark: Using named parameters allows changing the order of the expected parameters. For example, you can write:
Open(WIN_Travel(<Availability>:True, <Identifier>:123456))

Named parameters

You can also pass named parameters to a window when it is opened:
  1. Declare the procedure as usual. Example:
    PROCÉDURE WIN_Travel(Identifier, Availability)
  2. Pass the parameter expected by the window (Open, OpenMobileWindow, OpenChild, OpenSister, MDIOpen) and use the following syntax for each parameter:
    <Name of parameter>: Value

    For example:
    Open(WIN_Travel(<Identifier>:123456, <Availability>:True))
Remark: Using named parameters allows changing the order of the expected parameters. For example, you can write:
Open(WIN_Travel(<Availability>:True, <Identifier>:123456))

Scope of parameters

The parameters passed to a window are global to all the events of this window (initialization, code of a button, code of a local procedure, etc.).
Returning a value when a window is closed
To return a value when a window is closed:
  1. Use ReturnedValue in the processes that call Close.
    For example, in the WIN_Calendar window, the BTN_OK button and the BTN_CANCEL button close the window once the value to return was initialized:
    // -- Click BTN_OK (WIN_Calendar window)
     
    // OK was clicked by the user,
    // the date entered in the EDT_DateControl control is returned
    MyWindow.ReturnedValue = EDT_DateControl
    // Close the window
    Close()

    // -- Click BTN_CANCEL (WIN_Calendar window)
     
    // The BTN_CANCEL button was clicked by the user,
    // an empty string is returned
    MyWindow.ReturnedValue = ""
    // Close the window
    Close()

    You can also use the ReturnedValue property in the "Closing" event of the window:
    // -- Closing code of WIN_Calendar window
     
    // The date is entered in the EDT_DateControl control
    IF EDT_DateControl = "" THEN
    // No date was entered
    MyWindow.ReturnedValue = ""
    ELSE
    // A date is entered
    MyWindow.ReturnedValue = EDT_DateControl
    END
  2. Retrieve in a variable the value returned by the window when it was closed. This variable contains the result of Open.
    For example, the BTN_Calendar button is used to open the WIN_Calendar window. When opening this window (Open), today's date is passed as parameter. The value returned by the window when it is closed corresponds to the result returned by Open. This result is retrieved in the ResultDate variable:
    // -- Click BTN_Calendar
    // Open the WIN_Calendar window
    // ResultDate is a string variable containing
    // the value returned by the WIN_Calendar window
    ResultDate = Open(WIN_Calendar, Today())
     
    // Study the result returned by the window
    IF ResultDate = "" THEN
    Info("No date was selected.")
    ELSE
    Info("Selected date: " + DateToString(ResultDate, maskDateSystem))
    END

The code execution of BTN_Calendar is stopped until the WIN_Calendar window is closed.
Versions 18 and later
Universal Windows 10 AppAndroidiPhone/iPad Special case: Value returned by a child window in a WINDEV Mobile application
In the mobile applications, the windows are opened by OpenMobileWindow (or OpenChild) instead of Open.
You can get the value returned by a child window in the event "Closing a child window" of the window that opened it (the one that called OpenMobileWindow or OpenChild).
For example:
  • In the closing code of the child window, Close is used to return a parameter:
    Close("", MyParameter)
  • The name of the child window as well as the returned value can be retrieved in the event "Closing a child window" of the calling window, using the MyChildWindow keyword:
    // Close a child window
    NameChildWindow = MyChildWindow.Name
    ValueChildWindow = MyChildWindow.ReturnedValue
New in version 18
Universal Windows 10 AppAndroidiPhone/iPad Special case: Value returned by a child window in a WINDEV Mobile application
In the mobile applications, the windows are opened by OpenMobileWindow (or OpenChild) instead of Open.
You can get the value returned by a child window in the event "Closing a child window" of the window that opened it (the one that called OpenMobileWindow or OpenChild).
For example:
  • In the closing code of the child window, Close is used to return a parameter:
    Close("", MyParameter)
  • The name of the child window as well as the returned value can be retrieved in the event "Closing a child window" of the calling window, using the MyChildWindow keyword:
    // Close a child window
    NameChildWindow = MyChildWindow.Name
    ValueChildWindow = MyChildWindow.ReturnedValue
Universal Windows 10 AppAndroidiPhone/iPad Special case: Value returned by a child window in a WINDEV Mobile application
In the mobile applications, the windows are opened by OpenMobileWindow (or OpenChild) instead of Open.
You can get the value returned by a child window in the event "Closing a child window" of the window that opened it (the one that called OpenMobileWindow or OpenChild).
For example:
  • In the closing code of the child window, Close is used to return a parameter:
    Close("", MyParameter)
  • The name of the child window as well as the returned value can be retrieved in the event "Closing a child window" of the calling window, using the MyChildWindow keyword:
    // Close a child window
    NameChildWindow = MyChildWindow.Name
    ValueChildWindow = MyChildWindow.ReturnedValue
Testing a window with parameters
To run the test of a window with parameters:
  1. Open the window with parameters in the window editor: on the "Home" tab, in the "General" group, click "Open".
  2. Click in the quick access buttons (or press F9). The following window is displayed:
    Test of a window with parameters
  3. Specify the value of the parameters that will be used to test the window. To use the default value of the parameters, type the "*" character.
  4. Validate. The window is displayed according to the specified values.
Minimum version required
  • Version 9
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