Logical multiplication. The conditions made of AND are entirely evaluated (even if the first condition is false).

_AND_

Logical multiplication. The conditions made of _AND_ are evaluated in an optimized way. If the first part of the expression is false, the rest of the expression is not evaluated.

OR

Logical addition. The conditions made of OR are entirely evaluated (even if the first condition is true).

_OR_

Logical addition. The conditions made of _OR_ are evaluated in optimized way. If the first part of the expression is true, the rest of the expression is not evaluated.

NOT

Logical negation.

The logical operators are used to perform logical operations and to build conditions.

IF Customer.City = "Montpellier" AND Customer.Title = "Mr" THEN ManMontpellier ++// Number of men living in Montpellier END IF Customer.City = "Montpellier" OR Customer.City = "Lyon" THEN MontpellierLyon ++// Number of customers living in Montpellier, // or in Lyon END

Rules

True AND True: returns True

True AND False: returns False

True OR True: returns True

True OR False: returns True

NOT True: returns False

Notes

Numeric variable

If a numeric variable is handled like a logical operator (boolean), "0" is equivalent to False. Any other value is equivalent to True.

For example, the two following lines of code are equivalent:

IF TestNum THEN...

IF TestNum <> 0 THEN...

The first syntax (IF TestNum THEN) should be preferred to the second one.

String variable

A WLanguage error will occur if a string variable is handled like a logical operator.

For example, the syntax: "IF StrTest THEN" will return an error at run time (but not when the project is compiled).

Priority

The AND and OR, _AND_ and _OR_ operators have the same priority. To give priorities to these operators, all you have to do is use brackets.

For example:

IF (A = 2 AND B > 3) OR (A = 2 AND B < 0) THEN ...

Exceptions:

In SQL filters and queries, the AND operator takes precedence over the OR operator. For example:

Condition1 AND Condition2 OR Condition3

will be evaluated as follows:

(Condition1 AND Condition2) OR Condition3

The optimized logical addition _OR_ must not be used if one of the expressions to compare is using the result of a function that may return NULL. For example, the following comparison:

IF CallFunction() = "Value1" _OR_ CallFunction() = "Value2" THEN...

will have to be replaced with the following code if CallFunction can return the NULL value:

IF CallFunction() = "Value1" OR CallFunction() = "Value2" THEN...